When you first consider Russian dog breeds, very few breeds are immediately recognized on a global scale. In reality, only a select few Russian dog breeds have been able to find success outside their isolated, northeastern homeland.
Nevertheless, a number of well-known dog breeds, including the Siberian Husky and Samoyed, come from the arctic continent. Contrary to popular belief, some of the coolest (no pun intended) breeds of dogs can be found in Russia.
Having said that, let’s look at each of the Russian dog breeds, their temperaments, and the reasons you should think about bringing one home. After all, they bring a uniqueness that is only found in Russian breeds and can be just as affectionate as any other dog breed.
Russian Dog Breeds List
Though there are well-known Russian breeds, the majority of these canines are unknown outside of Russia. They’re even less popular in Western countries.
The Husky, Samoyed, Borzoi, Black Russian Terrier, Caucasian Shepherd, Central Asian Shepherd, Tsvetnaya Bolonka, Finnish Spitz, Russian Toy Terrier, and Russian Harlequin Hound are the most well-known and popular native Russian dog breeds.
Other Russian dogs include the East European Shepherd, East Siberian Laika, Franzuskaya, Moscow Watchdog, Moscow Waterdog, Russian Hound, South Russian Ovcharka, Russian Spaniel, European Laika, West Siberian Laika, Yakutian Laika, Taigan, Hortaya Borzaya, Shalaika, and Volkosob.
1. Siberian Husky
Highlights: Playful, Energetic, Lively
The Siberian Husky is unquestionably the most popular dog breed to have originated in Russia (or Siberia), according to Smart Canine. They’ve evolved a lot since their sleigh-pulling days, though many still do. In fact, Huskies may be among the few dogs capable of running 100-mile days for emergency deliveries.
When it comes to labor, these dogs don’t mess around. They not only enjoy working, but they also require it! But, as lively as they are, Huskies have fun and the often mischievous sides that will win over new owners and families.
They are the ideal dog breed for owners that lead an active lifestyle. They’ll run with you all day if given the chance. They will, however, require training for long-distance running. In any case, avoid forcing a Husky to be your huge lap dog. They’ll appreciate it!
FACTS OF INTEREST
- In 1925, a group of Huskies delivered anti-toxin from 700 miles away to save the children of a small Alaskan hamlet from Diphtheria.
- According to DNA research, Huskies and grey wolves share a considerable proportion of DNA (along with Shiba Inus and Chow Chows).
- Huskies are one of the few breeds that have blue eyes without having the merle gene, like the Australian Shepherd.
Siberian Husky Temperament
Huskies, as previously stated, are energetic dogs (we mean it!) And, while most Huskies are gentle and loving dogs that would never purposefully harm a child, they frequently do it by accident. Their enthusiasm frequently gets the best of them, and a mere swipe can bring a child to tears.
Huskies rate low in terms of working and obedience intelligence. They are, nonetheless, smarter than you assume. The issue is that they are headstrong and do not always prefer to follow the rules. Training may take up more time than you would want.
Siberian Huskies are natural pack dogs, so having a canine companion is perfect. If not, they will treat your children and family as if they were their own. However, their instincts may lead them to pursue your cat. These dogs are not good watchdogs because they are too friendly.
Highlights: Loving, Calm, Adaptable
Samoyeds, sometimes known as Sammies, are among the brightest and most graceful canines we have, and it’s all thanks to Russia. They always appear to be joyful, with a “perpetual smile” (which really helps prevent icicles from developing in their mouths).
Sammies, like the Husky, are tough and faithful workers. For these energetic canines, being trapped in the house for the day is like being in a prison. Give them some work to do, whether it’s a job or physical exercise, and they’ll thrive in almost any home!
It’s worth noting that they originated in the Siberian town of Oymyakon, where temperatures can drop below -60°F! To protect the dogs from the severe temperature conditions of rural Russia, Sammy’s thick white coat (which sheds a lot!) was bred into them.
FACTS OF INTEREST
- Their smiles are well-known. We call it the “Sammy Smile” because of their upturned mouths, which give them the appearance of perpetually smiling.
- Only 14 dog breeds have a genetic imprint that closely resembles that of a grey wolf. One of the 14 is the Samoyed.
- These dogs can sing…sort of. They’ll howl and yodel in response to a melodious melody, frequently harmonizing with it.
The Samoyed is a very clever dog who enjoys working. As a result, they require a lot of mental and physical stimulation to stay emotionally and physically fit. Remember that they were used to doing anything in Siberia.
However, there is some bad to go along with the good. For example, they can be stubborn and mischievous, making obedience training challenging for new owners. However, as long as you establish authority at home and lead consistently, you should be alright.
The Samoyed is all about tenderness and love. They require a lot of care and will reciprocate with love. I don’t recommend getting a Samoyed if you’re a busy person. And, while they are incredibly adaptable dogs, I doubt they would welcome you bringing them to a warm climatic zone.
Highlights: Proud, Affectionate, Friendly
The Borzoi is one of the most graceful Russian dog breeds. They are giant sighthounds with a stately walk, amazing beauty, and a calm demeanor. Although many people believe they are Russian canines, there is a minority group that claims they originated in other Central Asian countries.
They’re really swift dogs. When fully charged, a Borzoi may reach incredible speeds of up to 40 miles per hour! These pups are so fast that I Heart Dogs claims they are one of the world’s top five fastest dog breeds. I’m not surprised at all.
Borzois are large dogs. With their Greyhound-like frame, male Borzoi can stand about 28 inches tall and weigh just over 100 pounds. The majority of Borzois will have a white flat coat with brown/tan spots. They can, however, come in a variety of hues, with the coat being silky, wavy, or curly.
FACTS OF INTEREST
- Borzois thrive at the dog sport of lure coursing. This activity allows these dogs to perform exactly what they were intended to do: pursue down a target.
- Borzois were known as the Russian Wolfhound before 1936.
- The head of a Borzoi takes three years to fully mature.
- They don’t get their hound-like head shape until that point.
Borzois are quiet, placid dogs with pleasant attitudes. Owners describe them as feline-like, which may explain why they get along so well with them. Though they are not among the top 100 smartest dogs, the Borzoi is a very versatile breed that can be a little stubborn at times.
They are, nonetheless, affectionate and love their family members just like any other dog. Remember that teaching these dogs requires patience and consistency. They will not do your bidding simply to obey you because of their independent personality and intransigence.
Borzois, like other sighthounds, require a lot of physical activity to keep them in check. However, keep these dogs on a leash whenever you walk them. They will flee if they see a squirrel or raccoon. And believe me, you will not capture this dog.
4. Black Russian Terrier
Highlights: Smart, Docile, Powerful
The Black Russian Terriers are one of the most ferocious working dog breeds of Russia. They were bred to work, and their robust body and frame demonstrate that they are more than capable of executing the most difficult jobs. They can reach 30 inches in height and weigh 80 to 130 pounds.
These large dogs don’t just have strength; they also have intellect! Because Black Russians are relatively easy to train for complex working activities and jobs, they are a popular choice for canine labor. But that’s not all; the breed’s work ethic is also exceptional.
These dogs can work in Russia’s worst conditions due to their waterproof double coat. Rain, snow, or shine, the Black Russian is up to the task. Despite their enormous size, they are nimble dogs that appear to be very agile. That is why they are dependable work and guard dogs.
FACTS OF INTEREST
- Although they are known as the Black Russian Terrier, they are not terriers. Rather, they are a member of the working group.
- The Soviet Union spent over 20 years developing and finalizing the Black Russian Terrier standard.
- The Red Star Kennel created Black Russian Terriers solely for military purposes.
- They don’t get their hound-like head shape until that point.
The temperament of a Black Russian Terrier
There is no doubt that the Black Russian is a hardworking dog breed. They are aware that they are competent in performing a wide range of tasks and are willing to go to any length to complete them.
Because of their natural instinct to defend and guard, these dogs make excellent guard dogs. In fact, many Black Russians continue to work as guard dogs in their homeland. In addition, I don’t know many individuals who would want to mess with a 100-pound dog!
When they are not working in the field, Black Russians are quiet and friendly dogs in the home. They adore families and are especially good with youngsters. On the other side, you must offer these canines the physical stimulation they require.
5 Caucasian Shepherd
Highlights: Courageous, Spirited, Friendly
The Caucasian Shepherd is a mastiff-type dog. These Russian dog breeds originated in Russia’s southernmost region, the Caucasus Mountains. As a result, the name. They’re also known as the Caucasian Ovcharka, and many people believe they’re native to other Caucasus-region countries.
These canines can weigh up to 170 pounds and stand 30 inches tall. They were bred to be fearless guards, as one might assume. It would be a shame if they weren’t developed to protect farms and cattle in the mountainous region, given their hefty physique and powerful form.
Caucasian Shepherds have been the preferred companions of local farmers for millennia. They actually performed everything, from livestock guards to various farm duties. They are, however, very different dogs at home than they are on the field. They understand when to increase and decrease their intensity.
The temperament of a Caucasian Shepherd
Caucasian Shepherds possess all of the characteristics of an excellent security dog. They’re bold, brave, ferocious, and self-assured, as they should be. Caucasian Shepherds can be totally different dogs when they are at home in a loving household.
They are devoted to their family members and are loyal, pleasant, tranquil, and affectionate. Yes, children and other pets are included! They, like other guard dogs, will be apprehensive of strangers and may take some time to warm up to them. That is to be expected from most security dogs.
In terms of training, these massive canines require a powerful pack leader. Establish dominance early on, when they are still little. Maintain consistency during training with solely positive reinforcement. As with other dominant breeds, socialization would be extremely beneficial for these dogs.
6. Central Asian Shepherd
Highlights: Independent, Confident, Brave
The Central Asian Shepherd is one of the oldest Russian dog breeds, dating back over 5,000 years. These Shepherd dogs, like Caucasian Shepherds, have been guarding local farmer cattle and properties for thousands of years.
Despite the fact that they were thought to have originated somewhere in Central Asia, Russia (Soviet Union) was recognized for standardizing this breed in the 1920s. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, a new breed of these dogs, known as the Central Asian Ovcharka, was developed.
They differ in size, coat color, and demeanor, despite both breeds looking identical. Because of their protective tendencies, Central Asian Shepherds were quite popular in the early 2000s. They were once the most popular dog in Russia.
Central Asian Shepherd Characteristics
Central Asian Shepherd is naturally protective because they are guard dogs. A Central Asian Shepherd is impervious to most things. Furthermore, they take their guarding responsibilities very seriously and require socialization and obedience training to keep them in line.
Needless to say, these shepherds are not suitable for inexperienced dog owners. This Russian dog breed is still relatively primitive, having been bred by natural selection over thousands of years. Furthermore, their massive size and dominance can be a problem for some owners.
They can, however, make excellent family dogs with proper socialization and obedience training. Just make sure you establish dominance with these dogs early on. Things will be much more difficult if you wait until they reach their full 150-pound frame.
7. East European Shepherd
Highlights: Courageous, Athletic, Smart
The Soviet Union developed the East European Shepherd in the 1930s to aid with police work and guard dog duties. They’re essentially the Russian equivalent of the German Shepherd, and it’s simple to see why. In truth, these dogs were based on the German Shepherd.
So why didn’t they just bring in German Shepherds? Because of Russia’s harsh winter climate, they needed to produce a tough police dog that could resist the frigid temperatures. These canines have many characteristics of German Shepherds, such as bravery, loyalty, and work ethic.
They are, however, slightly larger, weighing up to 110 pounds and standing 30 inches tall. These dogs are quite popular in Russia and other ex-Soviet Union countries. However, in Western countries, this is not the case. They are, nevertheless, creatures on par with the GSD. Enough of it.
Shepherd Temperament in Eastern Europe
East Europeans, like their German Shepherd relative, are hardworking dogs. However, just because they enjoy working does not exclude them from being excellent family dogs. They have a relatively balanced temperament and do well in all areas of dog intelligence.
The East European Shepherds are fearless by nature. They needed to be brave and confident in whatever task was assigned to them because they were bred expressly for police work and guard tasks. As a result, they’ll make excellent security dogs in households.
The East European Shepherd, like all working dogs, requires a lot of exercise. Furthermore, because of their high IQ, mental stimulation is essential. Their obedience and working intelligence are unrivaled. In other words, they are extremely obedient and quick to learn.
8. East Siberian Laika
Highlights: Loyal, Protective, Energetic
The East Siberian Laika is a spitz-type Russian dog that originated in Siberia east of the Yenisei River. Despite being bred for hunting, they have proven to be extremely adaptable dogs that can do it all. Some even specialize in herding or sled pulling!
Even after many years of domestication, the East Siberian Laika retains the wolf-like characteristics inherited from their ancient ancestors. Historians believe they were formed many years ago under the influence of Chinese and Japanese strains.
This dog’s and other Laikas’ standards were set in 1947. However, no major kennel groups have officially recognized them. Dog owners in the western globe appear to favor their relative, the Siberian Husky.
The temperament of the East Siberian Laika
On the field, the East Siberian Laika can be a ferocious hunter. Off the field, though, they are affable and caring dogs. They are rarely aggressive towards humans, but you should avoid pushing them too far. They’re not exactly soft either.
They can be overly watchful and vigilant in their own house. These are the characteristics that make ideal guards or watchdogs for the family. With their keen senses, it’s difficult to picture a cunning criminal slipping past these canines unnoticed.
East Siberian Laikas like hunting, and it shows. They should not be trusted with little animals in the house! They must also be active. Sitting at home with the family cannot be their primary activity. Only by providing them with a stimulating task or profession can you secure their satisfaction.
9. Franzuskaya Bolonka
Highlights: Lively, Cheerful, Sociable
The Russian Bolonka breeds come in two variants. One of these is the Franszuskaya Bolonka, a white-coated lap dog full of enthusiasm and activity. Their name is misleading. Despite the fact that the name “Franszuskaya” translates to “French,” these canines are Russian in origin.
However, the name is not entirely arbitrary. These canines were influenced by popular French breeds such as the Toy Poodle and the Bichon Frise. They are, nevertheless, a subspecies of the Bolognese, an Italian lapdog breed.
In fact, the word Bolonka in Russian means “bolognese.” In a nutshell, the Russians based their version of French toy dogs on an Italian canine. It works because they’re charming lapdogs who look like any of the world’s popular lap dog breeds.
Temperament of Franzuskaya Bolonka
These dogs, believe it or not, are far smarter than they appear. Furthermore, they have an appealing balanced temperament that works well with all types of people. However, when it comes to the ones they actually care about, these toy Bolonkas will stand by their side and shower them with affection.
Despite their diminutive stature, they are not timid. These Bolonkas, who are often joyful and interested, enjoy playing and will entertain their people in order to gain their attention. They enjoy being the focus of attention. As a result, there are no dull moments with one.
They make excellent watchdogs due to their territorial nature. They’ll warn you of intruders, but they’re awful guard dogs. Franzuskaya Bolonkas sees practically everyone as a potential playmate. They don’t take long to warm up to a stranger.
10. Moscow Watchdog
Highlights: Gentle, Protective, Confident
The Moscow Watchdog is Saint Bernard’s Russian relative. In truth, these dogs are a cross between Saint Bernard and the Caucasian Shepherd. These gigantic dogs, which may weigh up to 150 pounds, were produced in the Soviet Union.
Moscow Watchdogs, on the other hand, are active canines who require a lot of physical activity. They were developed during World War II when Russia required assistance in dealing with internal criminality. As a result, they were sent to guard government warehouses, railroads, and labor camps.
Though they were formerly thought to be uncommon outside of Russia, they are gradually gaining favor in Europe. Even now, the Moscow Watchdog is not the most common Russian dog. They’ve also made it to the United States, though not in large numbers.
The temperament of a Moscow Watchdog
The temperament of the Moscow Watchdog is similar to that of Saint Bernard. In other words, they’re gentle giants with a lot of tolerance and patience. However, for this to happen, kids must be socialized from an early age. They will only get along with people and dogs if they are properly taught.
The Moscow Watchdog, like a most guard and watchdog dogs, has strong protective instincts. They’re ideal for parents who need an extra set of eyes on their children. When the circumstance calls for it, such as when their family is threatened, a Moscow Watchdog will be there for you.
To raise a great family dog, you must establish dominance early on with this massive canine. I can’t emphasize how crucial this is, as it is with all large dogs that can easily injure people. As a result, they are not recommended for most first-time buyers.
11. Moscow Water Dog
Highlights: Brave, Confident, Independent
The Moscow Water Dog, sometimes known as the Russian Newfoundland, was another dog breed produced by the Soviet Union in the 1950s. Moscow Water Dogs were originally intended as Navy companions, but their aggressive temperaments made them unsuitable.
Surprisingly, instead of saving, they would occasionally attack sailors. That was obviously a major issue. The purebred Moscow Water Dogs are now practically gone. Because these dogs were no longer useful, breeding had ceased early on.
The Moscow Water Dog, on the other hand, did not go unnoticed. They did contribute to the creation of the Black Russian Terrier. The Moscow Water Dog, along with 13 other breeds, was utilized to produce one of Russia’s most effective “army dogs.”
The temperament of Moscow Water Dogs
Although they are known as Russian Newfoundlands, the demeanor of this Water Dog is quite different. These waterdogs were ferocious, in contrast to their relative Newfoundland, who is kind and quiet. The violent temperament of the dog eventually led to their demise.
They were, however, excellent swimmers, as all waterdogs should be. The Moscow Water Dog, on the other hand, was a fantastic swimmer. Even amid strong seas and frigid weather, these dogs performed admirably (sometimes).
They were confident and courageous, just as the Russian army had hoped. It’s simply a shame they weren’t developed with a more placid demeanor off the field. If you locate a hybrid of these dogs, they will require extensive socializing.
12. Russian Harlequin Hound
Highlights: Active, Good-natured, Sociable
The Russian Harlequin Hound, often known as the Anglo-Russian, is one of Russia’s two most popular scent hounds. Even yet, they are an incredibly rare dog breed that is difficult to find outside of their native country.
Despite their rarity, they are still utilized as hunting companions in Russia today. They were created by combining the Russian Hound with the English Foxhound. As a result, they excel in tracking “red game,” such as foxes and wolves.
Russian Harlequins are distinguished by their square build and characteristic tri-colored coat (patches over white coat). These hounds are similar to the smaller tri-colored beagles in many aspects. Many people still have difficulty distinguishing between the two breeds.
The temperament of a Russian Harlequin
Despite being amiable and gregarious with most people, these dogs might have a high prey drive. These tendencies are present in the majority of hunting dogs, particularly those bred to pursue the “red game.” However, if they are to live with cats or other small pets, they must be socialized from an early age.
Russian Harlequins, as you may expect, are exceptionally devoted dogs who will stay by your side at home. They enjoy hunting in the field. However, at home, they simply like spending time with family and would prefer to join in family activities as well!
They are very energetic and active dogs who require a lot of exercise every day. In addition, depending on your dog, most Russian Harlequins may be unsuitable for apartment living. Not only do they need to run (a lot), but most are very vocal dogs.
13. Russian Hound
Highlights: Obedient, Loyal, Energetic
Another popular scent hound that originated in Russia is the Russian Hound. They were, however, created far earlier than the Harlequin Hound (sometime around the late 18th century). This is why this specific canine was given the abbreviated name.
These dogs have a particular hunting profession and would frequently collaborate with Russian Borzois to complete it. Russian Hounds would flush wildlife out into the open, where hunters and Borzois would be waiting to chase them.
Russian Hounds are medium to large dogs that can weigh up to 70 pounds and stand up to 27 inches tall. These dogs, with their short and dense coats, are well-suited to the rugged hunting fields of Russia and the neighboring countries.
Russian Hound Characteristics
Russian Hounds are highly energetic and enthusiastic dogs who enjoy working. If they were allowed, they could spend the entire day hunting with their owner. In fact, we believe that the human hunter would tire of hunting before these hounds (typical of many hound dog breeds).
They are relatively simple to train because they are eager to please and are highly obedient canines. They’ll do anything they can to impress as long as their handler is in charge. They’re just as devoted at home as they are on the field. They’ll have your back and follow you no matter what you need or want.
A Russian Hound gets along well with other dogs and people. They get along well with other dogs because they hunt in packs and alongside other dogs. Small pets, on the other hand, may exhibit strong predatory instincts. Make sociability a priority from the start.
14. South Russian Ovcharka
Highlights: Strong, Lively, Confident
The South Russian Ovcharka, often known as the Russian Sheepdog, originated in Ukraine (when it was still part of the Soviet Union). As a result, devoted fans frequently refer to them as the Ukrainian Shepherd dog.
They are mostly found in the vast grasslands between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. They are primarily used as herding dogs in the region, but they are also used as multi-purpose laborers and security dogs on occasion. These dogs are extremely adaptive and can live in a wide range of climates.
They are some of the best multi-purpose dogs to come from Russia, with a powerful build and thick hair. Unfortunately, these dogs are hard to come by. Even in their home countries of Russia and Ukraine, it is incredibly uncommon to find one.
The temperament of a Russian Sheepdog
These dogs require strong leadership. If you intend to bring one home, you must establish authority through rigorous and persistent training. However, they should not be used by inexperienced trainers or first-time owners. Their instincts may be a little too strong.
They flourish as herding dogs, which was their original purpose. However, you must demonstrate significant power over the livestock’s “ownership.” Otherwise, the Russian Sheepdog may get possessive of other people’s animals.
These sheepdogs have strong defensive instincts that must be controlled. Although they would be excellent family guardians, they can be hostile to strangers. Without a doubt, early socialization is more important in this dog than in any other Russian breed.
15. Russian Spaniel
Highlights: Carefree, Cheerful, Energetic
The Russian Spaniel was created in 1951 by crossbreeding numerous spaniel breeds, including the English Cocker and Springer Spaniels. Although they have a similar appearance to the Cocker Spaniel, they have a longer body and a heavier coat.
The Russian Spaniel’s coat color varies (with spots and freckles), but they always have the trademark spaniel feathering on the ears and legs. Another distinguishing feature that may cause them to be confused with other spaniels is their long spaniel ears.
Russian Spaniels are little dogs, yet they make great hunting and gun dogs. Don’t be fooled by their little stature or nice demeanor; they’re among the greatest. They have the whole package: a good sense of scent, great stamina, perseverance, and a strong drive to retrieve.
Russian Spaniel Characteristics
A Russian Spaniel, like an English Spaniel, is bold, vivacious, and enthusiastic. They’re terrific companions that have a worker’s mentality on the field but a laid-back attitude at home. However, because of their flexibility, Russian Spaniels are a fan favorite.
Russian Spaniels are as loyal as they come, entirely devoted to the work at hand. It’s why they make excellent gun dogs and watchdogs. However, if your Russian Spaniel is not given work, he or she may become depressed and/or unpredictable at home.
Furthermore, these spaniels are extremely docile and trainable. They are intelligent and eager to learn because they are descended from intelligent spaniels. Russian Spaniels enjoy being near children. They are not only terrific playmates, but they may also serve as a second set of eyes.
16. Russian Toy Terrier
Highlights: Intelligent, Devoted, Delightful
The Russian Toy, a little yet exquisite dog, was designed to be the ultimate Russian lapdog. They were created in Russia from the English Toy Terrier. Russian Toys are among the smallest dog breeds in terms of size. They’re almost as small as the Chihuahua, at just about 28cm.
It’s worth noting that these dogs have two coat types: smooth and long coated. Although they were once known as independent breeds, the two were merged into one in 1988.
Russian Toys were originally bred for companionship and were only available to the Russian gentry and aristocrats. However, since its “royal” days, the breed has come a long way. In fact, they’ve evolved into wonderful lap dogs for many households throughout the world.
Russian Toy Characteristics
Nothing makes the Russian Toy happier than to curl up on your lap. That is, after all, what they were raised to do. These sweet-natured canines are playful and enjoy themselves. They are content to play with their favorite toys or hide-and-seek as long as their owner is present.
The most crucial aspect of these toy canines is human contact. They require it to thrive and be happy. In some circumstances, they will alert you when they require your attention. Similarly, if they notice you’re down, they’ll come to your aid.
The human-to-pet bond formed with these pets is genuinely unique. They will be inextricably linked. They can, however, be aloof or cautious towards strangers. They will not wag their tail at everyone, unlike other lap Dogs. Despite their small stature, they make good watchdogs.
17. Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka
Highlights: Charming, Curious, Lively
The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka and the Franzuskaya Bolonka are quite similar. The main difference is that the latter wears a white coat. Even yet, due to their similar temperaments and physical characteristics, casual dog owners may confuse the two.
The Bolonka is a relatively rare breed derived from some of the world’s most famous toy dogs. It was bred to be the ultimate Russian apartment dog. Tsvetnaya Bolonkas were created utilising the Bichon Frise, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, and Bolognese.
They are, however, most comparable to Bolognese. They’re so similar that their name, Bolonka, translates to “Bolognese” in a variety of Slavic languages. The best thing about them is that they are hypoallergenic dogs. In other words, these toy dogs are ideal for owners who are allergic to dogs.
Bolonka Tsvetnaya Temperament
The Tsvetnaya Bolonka is an easygoing and friendly lap dog who gets along with almost everyone. This Bolonka adores people, and people appear to appreciate them in return. And, as you might expect, they’re easy to make friends with and fall in love with.
Tsvetnaya Bolonkas, on the other hand, are attentive and observant, making them excellent watchdogs. They are not, however, typical little dogs. For example, they don’t bark as much as a Chihuahua, making them ideal for families with little children.
Despite their size, toy dogs can be autonomous. They need a lot of socialization in order to get along with everyone. Bolonkas are as intellectual as any other breed. They’re pretty easy to train and respond well to positive reinforcement when it comes to obedience training.
18. Russo-European Laika
Highlights: Lively, Alert, Territorial
Russo-European Laikas are one of the few dog breeds that originated from Russian landrace Dogs. These spitz-like canines were bred in the 1940s as part of a program to produce premier hunting dogs. And, indeed, these Russo-Europeans are among the best duck hunting dogs in the world.
However, unlike other hunting Dogs, they are quite noisy, which aids in communicating during hunts. Typically, these canines are trained to utilize their sounds to signal the human hunter the position of the prey. The vocal isn’t a full-on bark, but rather a howl.
The FCI currently recognizes these dogs. Furthermore, they have not been adopted by any major kennel groups other than the United Kennel Club. Nonetheless, the popularity of Russo-European Laikas appears to be increasing in Russia and neighboring countries.
Russo-European Laika Temperament
This active hunting Dog enjoys nothing more than being outside in the bush. It’s one of the reasons they’re so successful as duck hunters. Russo Europeans were bred to be outside, therefore confining them to an enclosure or a small apartment will not be beneficial to the lively dog.
They’re highly loyal canines who will never stray once you’ve formed a bond with them. They’re also great with kids because of their patience. However, because they are outspoken on the field, you can expect them to let you know whether they are joyful or upset with their vast range of vocals.
Russo-Europeans can be territorial as well as good guard Dogs. They may also respond aggressively to other persons and Dogs. These canines enjoy working and perform best when they have a sense of purpose. They require a significant role in the family, whether it be hunting, guarding, or companionship.
19. West Siberian Laika
Highlights: Loyal, Affectionate, Vigilant
Another spitz breed that evolved from Russia’s native Laika dogs is the West Siberian Laika. Although their origins are unknown, we do know they began as hunting partners for the Ural people of West Siberia. The West Siberian, like the other Laika varieties, is an excellent hunter.
In fact, they may be the most adaptable of the group.
These adaptable Laika hunters excel at hunting squirrels and raccoons, but they can also hunt bears, moose, and wild boars. Laikas are all loud Dogs who utilize their barks to help hunters locate the game. The West Siberian Laika is no different.
Nonetheless, these Dogs remain rather rudimentary in order to preserve the inherent hunting instincts that make them such great hunting Dogs. With this in mind, the West Siberian Laikas can mimic their ancestors, the Siberian wolves, in both appearance and behavior.
The temperament of the West Siberian Laika
The West Siberian Laika is completely devoted to the owner and family. These Dogs are attentive and protective, making them excellent guard Dogs in addition to being versatile hunters. They are wary but not hostile to strangers.
When exposed to unknown dogs, particularly those of the same sex, West Siberian Laikas are inclined to become hostile. Because of their strong predatory instincts, they are not ideal for houses with small pets such as cats. Family cats, on the other hand, can be tolerated with proper socialization.
With good training, patience, and consistency, they will eventually learn and accept other animals as members of the pack. The West Siberian, on the other hand, is a very obedient dog. They are willing to satisfy their owner, even if it involves obedience training, because of their unwavering loyalty.
20. Yakutian Laika
Highlights: Loving, Lively, Smart
The Yakutian Laika is a Russian dog breed that originated in Russia’s far north. They are specifically from the Sakha Republic, which borders the Arctic. The Yakutia worked in a variety of jobs in this icy area of Russia.
They not only pull sleighs but also herd reindeer and hunt wild wildlife. They do everything! But one of the main reasons they can do it all is because of their many gifted features. Yakutian Laikas are recognized for their keen sense of smell, excellent hearing, stamina, and vision.
All of these characteristics are indicative of a great hunting dog. Despite these advantages, not all canines are suitable for hunting in this chilly region. They can labor ceaselessly in the hardest winter conditions because of their thick double coat. They have been known to work all day with little difficulty.
Yakutian Laika Temperament
Yakutian Laikas are among the most devoted companion Dogs among Russian breeds. They demand respect from their handlers, but they also give it back. Yakutia will always be by your side if both person and Dog are in sync.
They’re very lively Dogs because they have to work long hours all day. A Yakutian requires a lot of mental and physical stimulation on a daily basis. It’s better to keep them in a large, enclosed yard where they may run about freely.
These Dogs are friendly and submissive in the home. If properly socialized, they will get along with children and other Dogs. The sooner you begin, the better. They’re also incredibly docile and simple to train, because of their people-pleasing disposition.